-By Dr.P.Selva Shunmugam, M.D(Siddha), Ph.D

The history of the Tamil civilization can be traced to Kumari Continent (now submerged in the vast Indian Ocean or that had gradually moved up to the present location due to geographical changes. Archeologist had proved that this civilization is one of the oldest one in the world since the Rock system of South India – Archaean Rock is the oldest rock system in the world. This rock system, which is pre Cambrian, is estimated about 2.5 to 4 billion years old.

Tamil speaking Peninsular in India thus migrated from the above said location is of rich tradition and culture. Peace, Bliss, Wisdom and Healthy life were the primary objectives for this society even during those early periods. This in turn paved way for the evolution of Siddha system of medicine.

More than a medical system, it describes a way of healthy life. It deals with whole subject of life in its various branches.

It speaks about every elements and facet of human life offering guidance that has been tested and refined over many centuries, to all those who seek greater harmony peace and longevity.

The ancient Tamils have described the five Boothams (primordial elements) of Earth, Water, Fire, Wind and Space as the components of the Universe as well as the human body – the microcosm.

Siddha system is a concept of virtuous ascendance aiming the union of microcosm with macrocosm

Exclusivities of Siddha system when compared to alternative systems of medicine are:

Siddha system of medicine classifies and treats each ailment uniquely. It involves and integrate many refined methods of treatment , Some of them are


Procedures of rejuvenating the entire human system


Alchemy – Study of transmutation of elements,
forerunner of modern chemistry and pharmacology


Life centers in the human body

Manikkadai Nool

The wrist portion just proximal to the hand is measured
with a rope and health condition of a patient is ascertained based on
the actual measurement by the patient’s finger

Envagai Thervu

Eight unique type of diagnostic parameters

Siddha system’s Classification of treatment

Three types of medicinal preparation

Envagai Thervukal :

Eight ways of examination as per Siddha literature:

  1. Naadi (Unique Siddha pulse reading method),
  2. Naa (Tongue),
  3. Niram (Colour),
  4. Mozhi (Voice),
  5. Vizhi (Eye),
  6. Malam (Feces),
  7. Parisam (Touch / palpation) and
  8. Neerkuri (specific Urine examination)


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